by Grand Master Chan Kun Wah
Yin and Yang are always linked with Tai Chi and the early five elements (1, 6 water, 2, 7 fire, 3, 8, wood, 4, 9 metal, 5, 0 earth), the 64 positions of the lo pan, the magic square, both the early sequence and the late sequence ba gua, the 4 seasons, the 24 chi’s, the 28 mansions, strong and weak, male and female. Sing Chi relates to the location of the house and is the energy that comes from the soil underneath the house into the building. This is the yin chi. The house absorbs this energy. The lap chi, or sang chi is the yang chi outside the building. The essence of feng shui is bringing the yin and the yang together to create productivity, just as without the union of the male and female there will be no future generations.
The enviroment is a source of beneficial elements for feng shui and provides the following terms:
Sow San – if you see a good mountain, use it to your advantage
Sow Shui – if you see a good river, use it to your advantage
Chut Sat – if you see an ugly or bad river or mountain, try to reduce its negative effect.
However recognising a good mountain or river is part of the skill of a feng shui practioner as the definitions are not always obvious. San means mountain. Mountains control peoples’ lives. Shui means water, which relates to money. This is the essence of Feng Shui.
Nowadays fewer people live really close to mountains and rivers than they did when people were settling in uninhabitted land so it is important to note that the principle that relates to mountains and rivers is equally valid for buildings (mountains) and roads (rivers).
Yang feng shui is associated with houses. It always causes a gathering together to form villages towns and cities. In past times this was shown by people choosing to settle together rather than in isolated positions. Historically, graveyards used to be situated at the edge of a town or city in rural surroundings, but with the shortage of space this is no longer the case. This means that the yin feng shui of the graveyard is located with the yang environment of the town. In this case the yin feng shui relates to past and hereditary matters whereas the yang feng shui relates to the present.
In the past people looked for a nice environment with mountains and a river before they built a house. This was especially true for capital cities, which were always situated in good environments. The same can be said for other cities but was less relevant. This goes down the scale so that towns and villages had feng shui that is not as good as a capital city. However if a town or village did have good feng shui it would thrive, and if it did not then people would not stay there and eventually it would disappear.
Yang feng shui, that which relates to the human body and to houses should be big enough to allow people to live comfortably, whereas yin feng shui, which relates to graves, should not be too big for the purpose.